“The National Reading Panel (NRP) meta-analysis (2004) makes these distinctions. The NRP examined whether phonemic awareness instruction was significantly better than alternative forms of training in helping children acquire phonemic awareness and enabling them to apply this skill in their reading and spelling. Results were positive. The overall effect size on phonemic awareness outcomes was large, d=0.86. The overall effect size on reading outcomes was moderate, d=0.53. The overall effect on spelling was also moderate, d=0.59. Effects were significant on measures of children’s ability to read words and pseudowords as well as their reading comprehension. Effects were significant on standardized tests as well as experimenter-devised tests. These findings show that teaching children to manipulate phonemes in words was highly effective across all the literacy domains and outcomes” (John Hattie, personal communication, July 13, 2017).
Articles in this section
- How much do we need to advocate for teacher professional development and Pre-service training in the area of phonemic awareness? When we ask teachers and most new graduates cannot define nor teach it.
- Why is phonemic awareness tied up with phonics when it is a totally different construct? Does combining the two indicate that they are the same construct?
- When new graduate teachers cannot define phonemic awareness as different than phonics, does it mean that their professors disregard the difference and the importance of phonemic awareness?
- I can’t find a ranking of phonemic awareness as a construct alone. If it is rolled up into phonics, then there must be a ranking or effect size as a single construct. Would you kindly point me to a resource?
- I am wondering if your research is aligned to a specific program or curriculum that can be purchased by our school?
- You state that bilingual programmes have an effect size of 0.36, so not so significant. What do you define as bilingual progammes and where, around the world, was this data taken from? Why do you think the effect size is so low?